Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI). The national Centre for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that approximately 4 million men and women are infected by C.trachomatis in the U.S. alone each year.
- Chlamydial infection is easily treated with antibiotics, however,
- up to 75% of women and 50% of men infected
- with C.trachomatis are asymptomatic. Untreated chlamydial
infection may have long-term consequences, especially in women in whom it is a well-established cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. Therefore, routine screening and early diagnosis are essential in order to reduce the high prevalence of this infection.